Wednesday, May 22, 2013

George Lincoln Rockwell and members of the American Nazi Party attend a Nation of Islam summit in 1962 to hear Malcolm X speak

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USA. Chicago. February 25th 1962. George Lincoln Rockwell, flanked by members of the American Nazi Party, listening to Malcolm X's speech at Black Muslims meeting held at the International Amphiteater. This is amazing, very powerful shot. Not just from a historical point of view, but also photographically very strong, you can almost feel the tension. The guy on the left looks like he's not overly happy to be present, whereas the guys on the middle and right fully believe they're in the right.

In the early days of the NOI there was a level of cooperation between the NOI and KKK because they shared the separatist view, under Elijah Muhammad's orders Malcolm met with some leaders of the KKK, although it is Clear that he did not like these exchanges(Malcolm wrote in his journal about it). The relationship ended shortly when the NOI became more popular.

They attended because they shared some common beliefs with Malcolm X, primarily that people having skin with little eumelanin pigmentation and people having skin rich in eumelanin pigments should not integrate. Actually pigmentation was not the point. The point was "every time our people and your people are together, our people face slavery, murder, brutalization, massive injustice, economic and political inequality, and a general concerted effort to make sure that we, as a collective group of people, can never succeed in your society. So... how about we just go our separate ways. We'll get away from you, you stay away from us, conflict resolved."  People who are as staunchly racist as the folks in this photo aren't racist purely because of skin color. They dislike people of another race because of their skin color and their culture. So more like people who have differing eumelanin pigmentation levels in their skin, oh and also have different dialects, cultures, histories, religions should not integrate, especially when the folks with less eumelanin have been routinely fucked over by the folks with more eumelanin.

It's amazing how people could get away with wearing Nazi symbols a mere 15 years from World War 2. It took a while for people to really understand and grasp the full extent of what the Nazis had done. A lot of the publicity of the Holocaust didn't become widespread knowledge until after the Eichmann trial, before then, Nazi persecution of Jews was often considered a part of their greater oppression of Europe.
After the Eichmann trial, there was a huge rise in publicity of Holocaust stories. Survivors who had not come forward before (due to being spurned for not fighting, or simply too traumatic), saw survivors at the Eichmann trial and were encouraged to share their experiences. Holocaust remembrance took the west by storm, eventually including a surge of films from Hollywood in the early 70s and the opening of a series of museums. So really it was the post-Eichmann generation who really understood the depth of Nazi cruelty, explaining why people could get away wearing swastikas in the early 60s. Also it was not until The 60s that a lot of scholarly research was being done and it was not until the 90s that all of the Germans archives were actually open to study.
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German Soldiers 1941 (Location Unknown)

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Looks like a handover of some sort, based on the satchels, the two officers saluting each other, etc, so my guess would be a unit being shipped out of where ever it has been garrisoned. Judging by the flowers in one of the soldiers uniforms, the kids and the architecture, so probably is Germany.

One soldier have flowers on his uniform. Here's the reason why "humanizing" the Nazis is important. If you make them out to be inhuman monsters in a way that you can't relate to, you lose the lesson of history that any people can become them. Before the Nazi party took over Germany, they were just Germans who offered a solution to their political and economic problems to most people. They sold it well, they offered answers that were palatable to a people fed up with the ineptitude and bureaucracy of the Wiemar Republic. They fed into nationalism fervor and the "us versus them" mentality in a way that has been repeated since in small doses. If you paint them as monsters, as the boogie man we beat back into the closet and not real people, you fail to teach the lessons of how they came to power and turned the world upside down. If you fail to teach that lesson, then history will repeat itself and that monster will come back and eat you. Hitler was a man, a terrible man, but he was a man who tried to get the people around him to stop smoking, loved his dog, had a family background that mirrors many people today, loved the arts, and tried to lead his country out of the shadow of a terrible war and a poor economic situation. He was seduced by power, racism, and glory and became like a monster the world had never seen. But it is important to understand that he was still a man, and anyone can become like him if they follow his path. The only way to make sure that no one does is to understand why he did what he did, who he was, and where he came from.


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The last known photo of the RMS Titanic afloat

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The last known photo of the RMS Titanic is of the ship leaving Queenstown (Cobh), Ireland on April 12th, 1912 where it had stopped before heading westwards towards New York. Three days after this photo was taken 1,514 people would be dead and the Titanic would be on the bottom of the North Atlantic after colliding with an Iceberg in one of the deadliest peacetime maritime disasters in history.
According to Time Magazine this photo was taken by Irish Jesuit priest Francis Browne “who sailed with the ship for the first leg of its journey, from Southampton, England, to Cobh, Ireland, then called Queenstown. And he would have stayed for the remainder of the transatlantic journey, too, having received an offer of a ticket from a wealthy family he befriended while on board. When Browne reached Cobh, however, he received a note from his clerical superior, ordering him to return to his station immediately rather than sail on.”

Fact: The forth funnel was just for show, it had no real purpose. Actually while it served no purposes as an exhaust for the boilers rooms. It did serve as an extra ventilation shaft and vent system for the galley. The ventilation shafts did not require the funnel, it was more about the prestige, " the fourth was just for show. The designers thought the ship would look more impressive with four funnels rather than three. "
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Hugo Sperrie, Generalfeldmarschall of the Luftwaffe. 1940

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American troops treat a wounded dog on Orote Pennisula. W.Eugene Smith. 1944

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On Guam, First Lieutenant William R. Putney commanded the 1st Dog Platoon and was the veterinarian for all war dogs on Guam. First Lieutenant William T. Taylor commanded the 2d Platoon. Both landed on the Asan-Adelup beach on Guam, while the 1st Platoon under Gunnery Sergeant L. C. Christmore landed with the 1st Provisional Brigade at Agat.

"The information has reached me that the Army are using watchdogs in connection with guard duty. I should like to volunteer the service of my dog Prince. Money could not buy this dog, but if the army can use him, please send shipping instructions"

Just like most of the men they served with, these dogs were loyal, hardworking creatures that spent the best years of their life doing the nation's dirty work- few were ever the same. They were good dogs. All of them.
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Friday, May 10, 2013

Fidel Castro and Nikita Khrushchev drinking wine from a drinking horn in the Soviet Republic of Georgia - 1963

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On the 27th of April, 1963, the leader of the Cuban Revolution paid his first visit to the USSR, that journey lasted for forty days. He managed to see a lot of cities and visit numerous factories, secret military bases, a nuclear submarine, walk along Moscow without security guards, talk to the authorities and ordinary people. He became the first foreigner who came up to the podium of the mausoleum and even received the title of Hero of the Soviet Union.
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A young Hitler cheers the start of World War One, August 1914

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Aleksandra Samusenko was the only female tank officer in the 1st Guards Tank Army

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Hitler's personal bodyguard undergo a drill inspection in Berlin, November 1938

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The LSSAH went on to become one of the most elite and hardened units in the German armed forces. This was also taken before the war. The lightning bolts on their collars indicate they are SS, so if they are Hitler's guard they would be in the SS Leibstandarte Adolf Hitler.

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Turkish official teasing starved Armenian children by showing bread during the Armenian Genocide, 1915

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The Armenian Genocide also known as the Armenian Holocaust, the Armenian Massacres and, traditionally among Armenians, as the Great Crime was the Ottoman government's systematic extermination of its minority Armenian subjects from their historic homeland in the territory constituting the present-day Republic of Turkey. It took place during and after World War I and was implemented in two phases: the wholesale killing of the able-bodied male population through massacre and forced labor, and the deportation of women, children, the elderly and infirm on death marches to the Syrian Desert. The total number of people killed as a result has been estimated at between 1 and 1.5 million. The Assyrians, the Greeks and other minority groups were similarly targeted for extermination by the Ottoman government, and their treatment is considered by many historians to be part of the same genocidal policy.
It is acknowledged to have been one of the first modern genocides, as scholars point to the organized manner in which the killings were carried out to eliminate the Armenians, and it is the second most-studied case of genocide after the Holocaust. The word genocide was coined in order to describe these events.

The starting date of the genocide is conventionally held to be April 24, 1915, the day when Ottoman authorities arrested some 250 Armenian intellectuals and community leaders in Constantinople. Thereafter, the Ottoman military uprooted Armenians from their homes and forced them to march for hundreds of miles, depriving them of food and water, to the desert of what is now Syria. Massacres were indiscriminate of age or gender, with rape and other sexual abuse commonplace. The majority of Armenian diaspora communities were founded as a result of the Armenian genocide.

Turkey, the successor state of the Ottoman Empire, denies the word genocide is an accurate description of the events. In recent years, it has faced repeated calls to accept the events as genocide. To date, twenty countries have officially recognized the events of the period as genocide, and most genocide scholars and historians accept this view.

Actually Turkey recognizes the deaths but disagree on the motive. Turkey recognizes that there have been deaths, but they also assert that genocide was never a motive. There are also state archive records of punishments of Turkish officials WHO were cruel to the migrating Armenian people. The reason for moving the Armenian people was the Armenian bands who collaborated with invading Russian troops. In a state of World war they apparently didn't care to sort out the bad guys and moved the whole people - which caused death on a massive scale.

The current Armenian claim is that the motive was genocide, much like the Nazi Germany. This point is what Turkey doesn't agree upon. AFAIK they haven't disputed the deaths or cruelty towards Armenians. They argue it just wasn't a state policy to do so, it was individual zealots/psychopaths - who were punished (by hanging) when they were found guilty.
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Sunday, April 28, 2013

German Panzer III in the Western desert, 1942

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Marina Ginestà of the Juventudes Comunistas, aged 17, overlooking Barcelona during the Spanish Civil War - 21 July 1937

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A year earlier, Generalissimo Francisco Franco launched a military coup against the Second Spanish Republic (declared 1931). After the immediate resistance (by socialists, Marxists, anarchists, and republicans), the anarchists (CNT-FAI militias) controlled Catalonia until the PCE eventually influenced the Republican government into attacking the anarchists and P.O.U.M. ("Party of Marxist Unification" - anti-Stalinist Marxists) during the Barcelona May Days (1937) and suppressing the anarchist Spanish Revolution begun when the anarchy-syndicalist labor union (the CNT, 1.5 to 2 million workers strong) seized arms from the state to fight off Franco. Barcelona fell to Franco on the 26th of January, 1939.

http://rarehistoricalphotos.com/marina-ginesta-17-year-old-communist-militant-overlooking-barcelona-spanish-civil-war-1936/

The photograph was taken on top of the Hotel Colón.

Anyone interested in the Spanish civil war should read Homage to Catalonia by George Orwell. It is a nonfiction memoir of his time fighting against the fascists in the Spanish civil war. He initially fought alongside the communists, but their treatment of the anarchists soured his opinion of them and largely influenced his later novels. here are two main ideological currents of communism - Marxism and anarchism. There were also two Marxist groups, the PCE (aligned with the Soviet Union) and the P.O.U.M. (not aligned with the Soviet Union). Orwell fought with the P.O.U.M. for the whole time, though he later wished to fight for the CNT-FAI anarchists to which they were allied. The P.O.U.M. and the CNT-FAI, though representing different strains of communism (Marxism and anarcho-syndicalism, respectively), stood together until the bitter end. The CNT-FAI was much larger and controlled Catalonia, and so the P.O.U.M. often played a support role, but was suppressed even more harshly than the CNT-FAI by the "Stalinist" PCE. So Orwell fought with Marxist communists (P.O.U.M.), allied to anarchist communists (CNT-FAI), and had his militia betrayed and suppressed by communists (PCE). This was the beginning of his disdain for Marxism-Leninism (and the case of Stalin in particular), but he remained a libertarian communist (somewhere between libertarian Marxist and anarchist) all his life. In Animal Farm, the pig Napoleon (a stand-in for Stalin) is clearly the villain in the end, but it is his similarity with the humans that came before that condemns him; Orwell saw Stalin as too similar to the liberals, capitalists, and imperialists, especially in his handling of alliances with respect to the Spanish Civil War. He wrote 1984 as a warning to the left as to what to be ever vigilant for during the revolution, so that it would liberate and not oppress.



http://rarehistoricalphotos.com/marina-ginesta-17-year-old-communist-militant-overlooking-barcelona-spanish-civil-war-1936/



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