Wednesday, May 22, 2013

George Lincoln Rockwell and members of the American Nazi Party attend a Nation of Islam summit in 1962 to hear Malcolm X speak

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USA. Chicago. February 25th 1962. George Lincoln Rockwell, flanked by members of the American Nazi Party, listening to Malcolm X's speech at Black Muslims meeting held at the International Amphiteater. This is amazing, very powerful shot. Not just from a historical point of view, but also photographically very strong, you can almost feel the tension. The guy on the left looks like he's not overly happy to be present, whereas the guys on the middle and right fully believe they're in the right.

In the early days of the NOI there was a level of cooperation between the NOI and KKK because they shared the separatist view, under Elijah Muhammad's orders Malcolm met with some leaders of the KKK, although it is Clear that he did not like these exchanges(Malcolm wrote in his journal about it). The relationship ended shortly when the NOI became more popular.

They attended because they shared some common beliefs with Malcolm X, primarily that people having skin with little eumelanin pigmentation and people having skin rich in eumelanin pigments should not integrate. Actually pigmentation was not the point. The point was "every time our people and your people are together, our people face slavery, murder, brutalization, massive injustice, economic and political inequality, and a general concerted effort to make sure that we, as a collective group of people, can never succeed in your society. So... how about we just go our separate ways. We'll get away from you, you stay away from us, conflict resolved."  People who are as staunchly racist as the folks in this photo aren't racist purely because of skin color. They dislike people of another race because of their skin color and their culture. So more like people who have differing eumelanin pigmentation levels in their skin, oh and also have different dialects, cultures, histories, religions should not integrate, especially when the folks with less eumelanin have been routinely fucked over by the folks with more eumelanin.

It's amazing how people could get away with wearing Nazi symbols a mere 15 years from World War 2. It took a while for people to really understand and grasp the full extent of what the Nazis had done. A lot of the publicity of the Holocaust didn't become widespread knowledge until after the Eichmann trial, before then, Nazi persecution of Jews was often considered a part of their greater oppression of Europe.
After the Eichmann trial, there was a huge rise in publicity of Holocaust stories. Survivors who had not come forward before (due to being spurned for not fighting, or simply too traumatic), saw survivors at the Eichmann trial and were encouraged to share their experiences. Holocaust remembrance took the west by storm, eventually including a surge of films from Hollywood in the early 70s and the opening of a series of museums. So really it was the post-Eichmann generation who really understood the depth of Nazi cruelty, explaining why people could get away wearing swastikas in the early 60s. Also it was not until The 60s that a lot of scholarly research was being done and it was not until the 90s that all of the Germans archives were actually open to study.
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German Soldiers 1941 (Location Unknown)

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Looks like a handover of some sort, based on the satchels, the two officers saluting each other, etc, so my guess would be a unit being shipped out of where ever it has been garrisoned. Judging by the flowers in one of the soldiers uniforms, the kids and the architecture, so probably is Germany.

One soldier have flowers on his uniform. Here's the reason why "humanizing" the Nazis is important. If you make them out to be inhuman monsters in a way that you can't relate to, you lose the lesson of history that any people can become them. Before the Nazi party took over Germany, they were just Germans who offered a solution to their political and economic problems to most people. They sold it well, they offered answers that were palatable to a people fed up with the ineptitude and bureaucracy of the Wiemar Republic. They fed into nationalism fervor and the "us versus them" mentality in a way that has been repeated since in small doses. If you paint them as monsters, as the boogie man we beat back into the closet and not real people, you fail to teach the lessons of how they came to power and turned the world upside down. If you fail to teach that lesson, then history will repeat itself and that monster will come back and eat you. Hitler was a man, a terrible man, but he was a man who tried to get the people around him to stop smoking, loved his dog, had a family background that mirrors many people today, loved the arts, and tried to lead his country out of the shadow of a terrible war and a poor economic situation. He was seduced by power, racism, and glory and became like a monster the world had never seen. But it is important to understand that he was still a man, and anyone can become like him if they follow his path. The only way to make sure that no one does is to understand why he did what he did, who he was, and where he came from.


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The last known photo of the RMS Titanic afloat

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The last known photo of the RMS Titanic is of the ship leaving Queenstown (Cobh), Ireland on April 12th, 1912 where it had stopped before heading westwards towards New York. Three days after this photo was taken 1,514 people would be dead and the Titanic would be on the bottom of the North Atlantic after colliding with an Iceberg in one of the deadliest peacetime maritime disasters in history.
According to Time Magazine this photo was taken by Irish Jesuit priest Francis Browne “who sailed with the ship for the first leg of its journey, from Southampton, England, to Cobh, Ireland, then called Queenstown. And he would have stayed for the remainder of the transatlantic journey, too, having received an offer of a ticket from a wealthy family he befriended while on board. When Browne reached Cobh, however, he received a note from his clerical superior, ordering him to return to his station immediately rather than sail on.”

Fact: The forth funnel was just for show, it had no real purpose. Actually while it served no purposes as an exhaust for the boilers rooms. It did serve as an extra ventilation shaft and vent system for the galley. The ventilation shafts did not require the funnel, it was more about the prestige, " the fourth was just for show. The designers thought the ship would look more impressive with four funnels rather than three. "
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Hugo Sperrie, Generalfeldmarschall of the Luftwaffe. 1940

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Hugo Sperrle (7 February 1885 – 2 April 1953) was a German field marshal of the Luftwaffe during World War II. His forces were deployed solely on the Western Front and the Mediterranean throughout the war. By 1944 he had become Supreme Commander of the Luftwaffe in the West, but was subsequently dismissed when his heavily outnumbered forces were not able to significantly hamper the Allied landings in Western Europe.
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American troops treat a wounded dog on Orote Pennisula. W.Eugene Smith. 1944

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On Guam, First Lieutenant William R. Putney commanded the 1st Dog Platoon and was the veterinarian for all war dogs on Guam. First Lieutenant William T. Taylor commanded the 2d Platoon. Both landed on the Asan-Adelup beach on Guam, while the 1st Platoon under Gunnery Sergeant L. C. Christmore landed with the 1st Provisional Brigade at Agat.

"The information has reached me that the Army are using watchdogs in connection with guard duty. I should like to volunteer the service of my dog Prince. Money could not buy this dog, but if the army can use him, please send shipping instructions"

Just like most of the men they served with, these dogs were loyal, hardworking creatures that spent the best years of their life doing the nation's dirty work- few were ever the same. They were good dogs. All of them.
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Friday, May 10, 2013

Fidel Castro and Nikita Khrushchev drinking wine from a drinking horn in the Soviet Republic of Georgia - 1963

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On the 27th of April, 1963, the leader of the Cuban Revolution paid his first visit to the USSR, that journey lasted for forty days. He managed to see a lot of cities and visit numerous factories, secret military bases, a nuclear submarine, walk along Moscow without security guards, talk to the authorities and ordinary people. He became the first foreigner who came up to the podium of the mausoleum and even received the title of Hero of the Soviet Union.
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A young Hitler cheers the start of World War One, August 1914

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Some say it's probably fake.

Düsseldorf historian Gerd Krumeich has studied the picture and its history and concluded that Hitler was superimposed to lend credibility to the image of the Nazi leader as a patriot and a man of the people, daily Die Welt reported Thursday.

The photo was taken by Munich photographer Heinrich Hoffmann at a rally in support of war against the allies in Munich’s Odeonplatz on August 2, 1914.

But it was not until March 12, 1932 that it was published in the Nazi party newspaper the Illustrierte Beobachter, or "Illustrated Observer," the day before the presidential election, after Hitler’s opponents had attacked Hitler over his flight from military service in Austria-Hungary and questioned his patriotism.

The caption on the picture read: “Adolf Hitler, the German patriot … in the middle of the crowd stands with blazing eyes – Adolf Hitler.”

The photo went on to become a favourite Nazi propaganda picture, appearing with captions such as “Adolf Hitler: a man of the people.”

Hoffmann, who was one of the founders and the main supplier of pictures for the Nazi paper, always claimed he had discovered Hitler in the photo by chance after the future Führer visited his studio in 1929. Hitler had told him he was at the rally, Hoffmann said.

Hoffmann then dug out a glass picture negative he’d planned to throw away and found Hitler in the image.

“I only needed to search for a very short time, one standing there, yes, it’s him – his hair falls over the forehead,” Hoffmann once said. “His face cannot deceive – it is him.”

Until now, that version has been regarded as fact. The photo of the future Führer in Odeonplatz has been used countless times in newspapers, Hitler biographies and school books.

Most damningly, Krumeich found a different version of the picture in the Hoffmann photo archive in Bavaria. In that image, Hitler’s characteristic lock of hair over the forehead looks clearly different – suggesting the photo had been retouched.

The glass plate negative to the picture has never been found.

Krumeich has looked for other photos of the same rally both in archives and in newspapers and books. He noticed that other pictures of the event taken from different standpoints, including a picture taken by Hoffmann, do not show Hitler.

The picture is included in the new exhibition, “Hitler and the Germans – Nation and Crime,” which opens Friday. The caption on the picture mentions the doubts about its authenticity.
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Aleksandra Samusenko was the only female tank officer in the 1st Guards Tank Army

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She was born in 1922, was a veteran of the winter war and fought in WWII she died near Berlin on March 3 1945 from her wounds. Samusenko died from wounds in the German village Zülzefirz (70 km from Berlin), during the East Pomeranian Offensive, and according to World War II veteran Pyotr Demidov, under the caterpillar tracks of a tank, which did not notice the accompanying people in the darkness.

In his 1975 book the Russian author Y.A. Zhukov wrote that Samusenko was a veteran of the Spanish Civil War and the Winter War,[1] though Garin discounted this rumor in Tsvety na tankakh. According to Garin, it came from a certain soldier named Balandin, who told battalion commander Zhukov that Samusenko had fought in Spain:
My [Balandin's] submachine gunner Kolka... approached her and says: "[...] I saw you already under Huesca... ¡No pasarán!" And she replies: "I don't remember you" [...]
Zhukov then asked, why does she conceal and Balandin replied that he does not know, "but for some reason many don't want to reveal that fought in Spain".[3] Garin, however, further cites Samusenko's boyfriend Mindlin, who lately said that "she has never been there".




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Hitler's personal bodyguard undergo a drill inspection in Berlin, November 1938

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The LSSAH went on to become one of the most elite and hardened units in the German armed forces. This was also taken before the war. The lightning bolts on their collars indicate they are SS, so if they are Hitler's guard they would be in the SS Leibstandarte Adolf Hitler.

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Turkish official teasing starved Armenian children by showing bread during the Armenian Genocide, 1915

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The Armenian Genocide also known as the Armenian Holocaust, the Armenian Massacres and, traditionally among Armenians, as the Great Crime was the Ottoman government's systematic extermination of its minority Armenian subjects from their historic homeland in the territory constituting the present-day Republic of Turkey. It took place during and after World War I and was implemented in two phases: the wholesale killing of the able-bodied male population through massacre and forced labor, and the deportation of women, children, the elderly and infirm on death marches to the Syrian Desert. The total number of people killed as a result has been estimated at between 1 and 1.5 million. The Assyrians, the Greeks and other minority groups were similarly targeted for extermination by the Ottoman government, and their treatment is considered by many historians to be part of the same genocidal policy.
It is acknowledged to have been one of the first modern genocides, as scholars point to the organized manner in which the killings were carried out to eliminate the Armenians, and it is the second most-studied case of genocide after the Holocaust. The word genocide was coined in order to describe these events.

The starting date of the genocide is conventionally held to be April 24, 1915, the day when Ottoman authorities arrested some 250 Armenian intellectuals and community leaders in Constantinople. Thereafter, the Ottoman military uprooted Armenians from their homes and forced them to march for hundreds of miles, depriving them of food and water, to the desert of what is now Syria. Massacres were indiscriminate of age or gender, with rape and other sexual abuse commonplace. The majority of Armenian diaspora communities were founded as a result of the Armenian genocide.

Turkey, the successor state of the Ottoman Empire, denies the word genocide is an accurate description of the events. In recent years, it has faced repeated calls to accept the events as genocide. To date, twenty countries have officially recognized the events of the period as genocide, and most genocide scholars and historians accept this view.

Actually Turkey recognizes the deaths but disagree on the motive. Turkey recognizes that there have been deaths, but they also assert that genocide was never a motive. There are also state archive records of punishments of Turkish officials WHO were cruel to the migrating Armenian people. The reason for moving the Armenian people was the Armenian bands who collaborated with invading Russian troops. In a state of World war they apparently didn't care to sort out the bad guys and moved the whole people - which caused death on a massive scale.

The current Armenian claim is that the motive was genocide, much like the Nazi Germany. This point is what Turkey doesn't agree upon. AFAIK they haven't disputed the deaths or cruelty towards Armenians. They argue it just wasn't a state policy to do so, it was individual zealots/psychopaths - who were punished (by hanging) when they were found guilty.
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Sunday, April 28, 2013

German Panzer III in the Western desert, 1942

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PzKpfw III design was composed of four sections – hull, turret, and front superstructure with the opening for the turret and rear superstructure with the engine deck. Each section was of a welded construction and all four were bolted together. The hull was divided into two main compartments divided by a bulkhead. The front compartment housed the gearbox and steering mechanism and the rear one both the fighting and engine compartment. Basic hull, turret, superstructure and crew layout remained unchanged throughout the production life of Panzerkampfwagen III series.

From April of 1940 to February of 1941, 600 new Ausf G (6-serie) tanks were produced by Daimler-Benz, Henschel, MAN, Alkett, Wegmann, MNH and FAMO (chassis numbers 65001-65950). Ausf G was a slight improvement over previous Ausf E and Ausf F tanks. Some 50 Ausf G tanks were armed with 37mm KwK 35/36 L/46.5 gun mounted in an internal mantlet, while the rest with 50mm KwK 38 L/42 gun mounted in an external mantlet. Both 37mm and 50mm tanks had additional two MG 34 machine guns, one in the turret and other in the hull. Armor protection ranged from 12mm to 30mm, although majority of the protection ranged from 21mm to 30mm. Also new pivoting visor for the driver (Fahrersehklappe 30) was installed. The turret was modified and mounted on the roof with a fan exhaust as well as one signal port was eliminated. Mid-production vehicles were mounted with new type of commander’s cupola as used in PzKpfw IV Ausf E, F and G, which became standard on all later models of PzKpfw III. Late production vehicles had wider 400mm tracks instead of standard 360mm tracks. Ausf G was the first to be mounted with the "Rommelkiste" (Rommelbox) – turret mounted storage bin (Gepack Kasten), which then became the standard on all PzKpfw IIIs. From August of 1940 until 1942, all 37mm Ausf G tanks just as Ausf E and F tanks were rearmed with 50mm KwK 38 L/42 gun. Vehicles send to North Africa were equipped with additional air filters and different cooling fan reduction ratio. They were designated Ausf G(Tp), Tp being short for Tropisch / Trop / Tropen – tropical. Small number of Ausf G tanks remained in service as late as September of 1944.

In October of 1940, Ausf H (7-serie) entered production. It was produced by MAN, Alkett, Henschel, Wegmann, MNH and MIAG until April of 1941 with 308 produced (chassis numbers 66001-66650). Ausf H featured newly designed turret to mount 50mm gun with a single 30mm armor rear plate. Armor protection ranged from 10mm to 30mm but hull front and rear as well as superstructure front had 30mm armor plates bolted on to them increasing the protection. The increase in armor protection in Ausf H neutralized the threat of British 2pdr, Soviet 45mm and American 37mm anti-tank guns. The new six speed Maybach SSG 77 gearbox replaced previously used Variorex. In addition, suspension system was slightly modified and new sprocket and idler wheels were used in Ausf H. Consequently, of weight increase to 21.8 tons due to armor protection increase, torsion bars were strengthen. Originally, Ausf H was armed with 50mm KwK 38 L/42 gun and two MG 34 machine guns but in 1942/43, they were rearmed with 50mm KwK 39 L/60 gun.
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Marina Ginestà of the Juventudes Comunistas, aged 17, overlooking Barcelona during the Spanish Civil War - 21 July 1937

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A year earlier, Generalissimo Francisco Franco launched a military coup against the Second Spanish Republic (declared 1931). After the immediate resistance (by socialists, Marxists, anarchists, and republicans), the anarchists (CNT-FAI militias) controlled Catalonia until the PCE eventually influenced the Republican government into attacking the anarchists and P.O.U.M. ("Party of Marxist Unification" - anti-Stalinist Marxists) during the Barcelona May Days (1937) and suppressing the anarchist Spanish Revolution begun when the anarchy-syndicalist labor union (the CNT, 1.5 to 2 million workers strong) seized arms from the state to fight off Franco. Barcelona fell to Franco on the 26th of January, 1939.

http://rarehistoricalphotos.com/marina-ginesta-17-year-old-communist-militant-overlooking-barcelona-spanish-civil-war-1936/

The photograph was taken on top of the Hotel Colón.

Anyone interested in the Spanish civil war should read Homage to Catalonia by George Orwell. It is a nonfiction memoir of his time fighting against the fascists in the Spanish civil war. He initially fought alongside the communists, but their treatment of the anarchists soured his opinion of them and largely influenced his later novels. here are two main ideological currents of communism - Marxism and anarchism. There were also two Marxist groups, the PCE (aligned with the Soviet Union) and the P.O.U.M. (not aligned with the Soviet Union). Orwell fought with the P.O.U.M. for the whole time, though he later wished to fight for the CNT-FAI anarchists to which they were allied. The P.O.U.M. and the CNT-FAI, though representing different strains of communism (Marxism and anarcho-syndicalism, respectively), stood together until the bitter end. The CNT-FAI was much larger and controlled Catalonia, and so the P.O.U.M. often played a support role, but was suppressed even more harshly than the CNT-FAI by the "Stalinist" PCE. So Orwell fought with Marxist communists (P.O.U.M.), allied to anarchist communists (CNT-FAI), and had his militia betrayed and suppressed by communists (PCE). This was the beginning of his disdain for Marxism-Leninism (and the case of Stalin in particular), but he remained a libertarian communist (somewhere between libertarian Marxist and anarchist) all his life. In Animal Farm, the pig Napoleon (a stand-in for Stalin) is clearly the villain in the end, but it is his similarity with the humans that came before that condemns him; Orwell saw Stalin as too similar to the liberals, capitalists, and imperialists, especially in his handling of alliances with respect to the Spanish Civil War. He wrote 1984 as a warning to the left as to what to be ever vigilant for during the revolution, so that it would liberate and not oppress.



http://rarehistoricalphotos.com/marina-ginesta-17-year-old-communist-militant-overlooking-barcelona-spanish-civil-war-1936/



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